Saturday Soundtrack: The Best in Film Music 1994 - Forrest Gump (Alan Silvestri), Legends of the Fall (James Horner), The Lion King (Hans Zimmer)

Maximilian Peter on the best in film music from 1994:




In 1994, the line ´´I´ m Forrest! Forrest Gump´´ became as prominent as a famous line written for a british secret service agent called ´´Bond, James Bond´´ years before. Robert Zemeckis´ epic romantic comedy drama about several decades in the life of Forrest Gump was a worldwide cinematic hit and the most entertaining and emotional movie of 1994. Zemeckis´ milestone won a lot of Academy Awards including Best Picture, Best Director (Robert Zemeckis), Best Actor (Tom Hanks) and Best Adapted Screenplay (Eric Roth), and was also nominated for several other awards of Hollywood in the following award season. Composer Alan Silvestri´s emotional score was nominated for the beloved Oscar trophy, too, but lost to Hans Zimmer´s magnificent music for Disney´s The Lion King. For Forrest Gump Silvestri got his first nomination in the category Best Original Score (neither his entertaining score for Back to the Future nor his marvellous music for Who Framed Roger Rabbit? (two other Robert Zemeckis gems) were nominated for an Academy Award in the 1980s). The composer wrote beautiful themes, which outstandingly accompany the adventures of the main character, played so wonderfully by Tom Hanks. The famous piano melody, which is also known as the main theme, is the centrepiece of the score. It´s absolutely emotional and reflects all the characteristics of the man Forrest Gump in one single cue. Now the theme is regarded as one of the most popular creations in film music history. Silvestri´s score is a great work, an emotional journey through the years of Forrest Gump

1994 was also a strong year for other composers: Elliot Goldenthal wrote the music for Interview with the Vampire, Thomas Newman got two Oscar nominations for his scores Little Women and The Shawkshank Redemption, and Randy Newman´s music for the Western comedy Maverick was pure fun and one of his best works of the early 90s.

It was also a very important year for James Horner, because the composer wrote one of his very best and most beloved scores. For the epic drama film Legends of the Fall (directed by Edward Zwick), which based on the 1979 novella of the same title by Jim Harrison, Horner created emotionally oustanding themes. The movie is an epic drama about three brothers, who fell in love with the same woman, but also an intimate romance and a family story, so that the musician accompanied the visuals of the film as well as the plot with a strong orchestral soundtrack, but also with some solo parts for instruments like solo violin and piano. The score opens, for example, with a moving trumpet solo, before the whole orchestra performs the tuneful main theme. A great film musical moment! For the action scenes Horner created thunderous sounds: The complex cues ´To the Boys´ and ´Samuel´s Death´ belong to the very best action music in Horner´s long career. Superb stuff! For the film´s finale, the artist created a powerful musical statement, which integrates all of the soundtrack´s main thematic material and concludes musically the story in an outstanding way. It was a little surprise that Horner´s great soundtrack wasn´t nominated for an Academy Award since Legends of the Fall is one of the top scores of 1994 – in consideration of melodic creativity and dramatic power. 

COBE wins competition to design the Adidas Meet & Eat headquarter






State of the Art headquarters not only functional but designed by star architects are the new trend among large cooperations. Adidas has announced the winner for their new headquarter design - danish studio COBE, who were chosen from a shortlist of 30 architectural firms, including Zaha Hadid ArchitectsREX or Sauebruch Hutton, The what shall become the new landmark building in Herzogenaurach, where Adidas Group's World of Sports Campus is located, is planed as a rhombus-shaped structure filled with winter gardens. The structure is part of a larger masterplan by the firm to restructure the sports brand's headquarters into a visitor attraction, whereby the COBE designed building will be named Adidas Meet & Eat. The architects designed the 11,000 m2 building to include a public conference centre, a restaurant for employees and a showroom. Tree-filled winter gardens – enclosed green spaces – will also be dotted through the building, creating areas for staff to have lunch or hold meetings. "The design allows for the building to change and adjust to the different social contexts that the building will house. The structure merges with the landscape's existing terrain, creating an open, green and welcoming building that gathers all members of the Adidas family – both employees, sport stars and visitors – as well as multiple functions and flows under one single roof. The iconic roof rests like a carpet covering the building, connecting all functions and creating a building flooded with light", Dan Stubbergaard, founder and creative director at COBE explains. We are curious to see the campus grow.

Bit Light by Choi+Shine

 



Lighting is always a difficulty accessory when moving into a new home. American firm Choi + Shine Architects came up with a clever solution to constantly be able to increase or decrease the amount of illumination with their lighting system Bit Light. A very simple but genius way allows adding or removing modules, without having to change the fixture, only through magnets. The modules, or "Bits", contain LEDs that run in a strip through the middle of the translucent polycarbonate tubes, between magnetic conductors hidden beneath caps at each end. These can be linked by multi-directional connectors with nickel-plated steel casings, which also have a magnetic conductor in each square arm. "We think it is unique, attractive and useful as it provides a new (and fun) way of altering the illumination level within a space," Thomas Shine co founder of Choi + Shine mentions. Adding more modules, which each generate 460 lumen's, creates sculptural lighting pieces as well as increasing the amount of light emitted. The lights can be mounted to a wall, ceiling or placed on a surface and controlled using a traditional switch. One electrical connection powers 12 joined Bits. So you can do the math and see how many options there are.

The Archigram Opera celebrates 50 years

Photo: Isabel Pietri - http://aalog.net/?cat=1
Photo: VB - http://aalog.net/?cat=1
David Greene. Photo: VB - http://aalog.net/?cat=1

Peter Cook. Photo. VB - http://aalog.net/?cat=1

50 years after Archigram´s first major exhibition, the Living City and the publication to the fourth issue of Archigram magazine, the Architectural Association (AA) has recreated the scenery, allowing to experience the 1972 four-screen multimedia installation that is the Archigram Opera. The Opera was screened amidst large-scale Zoo creatures and pop-ups from the Archigram archive. 
Archigram - Warren Chalk (b.1927, d. 1987), Peter Cook (b.1936), Dennis Crompton (b.1935), David Greene (b.1937), Ron Herron (b.1930, d. 1994), and Michael Webb (b.1937) - is a visionary London-based architectural practice, particularly active between 1961 and 1974. Their synthesis of culture and technology in their many speculative projects ignited much discussion and debate at the time, and their projects continue to impact the architectural profession today. With Walking Cities, Plug-In-Universities and inflatable Dwellings, Archigram invented new artifacts and situations and threatened the discipline of architecture itself . In a decade of the Beatles and the moon landing, cybernetics, and megacities their projects embodied the avant-garde architecture of the 1960s -poetic and technological, utopian and grounded in social need at once. Their vision of a sophisticated humanity and a refined technology working in harmony to make a better world, influenced a whole generation of architects "Archigram was, beyond everything, immensely creative. I don't think we have to be shy about that. When the group was first formed in 1964 it consisted of six men who ranged in temperament from the laconic to the bright-eyed, and in age and experience from the hardened builders of local authority schools and public buildings, to young architects who were in their first jobs after school." / Peter Cook, London 2012.

Shortlisted architects for the Guggenheim Helsinki Competiton revelaed



Six finalists out of 1715 anonymous submissions received for Stage One of the competition to design the next Guggenheim Museum in Helsinki, have been selected by the jury. Already known for landmark museums by Frank Lloyd Wright and Frank Gehry, the Guggenheim has this time chosen six little-known practices for its latest outpost. London-based Asif Khan is joined on the shortlist by Zurich firm AGPS Architecture; international company Fake Industries Architectural AgonismHaas Cook Zemmrich STUDIO2050 from Stuttgart; Parisian firmMoreau Kusunoki Architect; and Australian studio SMAR Architecture. According to Richard Armstrong, director of the  Solomon R Guggenheim Foundation trusting the design to less well-known firms rather than major international names was a gamble, but one that was in line with "the spirit" of the organisation, in fact, "architectural courage and a willingness to engage with the very best practices of the time is really characteristic of the institution," he sais. 
A winner will be announced in the summer. Although the names of the shortlisted firms have been revealed, the Guggenheim Helsinki competition submissions remain anonymous and are identifiable only by their registration numbers. Each firm will be given an additional briefing to develop its scheme further and produce physical models by 2015. All the shortlisted designs will be exhibited publicly in Helsinki in spring.
A winner will then be announced in June 2015 and will be awarded €100,000, with each runner-up receiving €55,000. No start date has been announced for the project. The City of Helsinki is reported to be in line to pay the foundation a £19 million licensing fee, while the building itself is expected to cost over £83 million.

Turner Prize 2014 goes to Duncan Campbell




This year`s Turner Prize along with its £25,000 prize money, has been awarded to the Duncan Campbell for his work It for Others. Born in Dublin in 1972, Campbell lives and works in Glasgow and is known for his films about controversial figures such as the Irish political activist Bernadette Devlin or the car manufacturer John DeLorean.
Shot on 16 millimeter film and transferred to digital video, It for Others takes its cues from Alain Resnais, Chris Marker, and Ghislain Cloquet’s 1953 film essay Statues Also Die, which looked at how the meaning of African artefacts was changed by displaying them in Western museums. Campbell’s 54-minute film looks at cultural imperialism, specifically in the way that museums snatch up artifacts and remove them from their original context. Divided into sections, the film includes images of African masks, bottles, jars, packets, and Das Kapital-inspired Michael Clark choreography. Originally made for Scotland’s pavilion at this year’s Venice Biennale, it includes new work by choreographer Michael Clark. Campbell says it is about ‘how you can understand certain histories through objects’.
According to the jury, the prize has been awarded to Duncan Campbell in recognition of an ambitious and complex film which rewards repeated viewing. The jury admired his exceptional dedication to making a work which speaks about the construction of value and meaning in ways that are topical and compelling.This year’s prize was awarded by the actor Chiwetel Ejiofor, who was Oscar-nominated for his role in 12 Years a Slave, directed by 1999 Turner Prize winner Steve McQueen.
The Turner Prize was first awarded in 1984, when it was won by the painter Malcolm Morley. In the 30 years since it has become one of the most famous and prestigious visual arts awards in the world. Other past winners include Gilbert & George, Anish Kapoor, Damien Hirst, Chris Ofili and Grayson Perry.

Saturday Soundtrack: The Best in Film Music 1993 - Schindler´s List (John Williams) Rudy (Jerry Goldsmith)

Maximilian Peter on the best in film music from 1993:




A dinosaur epic with massive special effects. A voice actor who becomes a female housekeeper. A billionaire who is attracted to a woman named Diana and offers her husband one million dollars to spend a night with her. Doctor Richard Kimble. A five-year old boy who is the bane of neighbor George Wilson´s existence. And a Jamaica national bobsled team´s debut in the bobsled competition of the Olympic Games. Films in 1993 had a lot of great thematic stuff! The most financially successful films of the year were Jurassic Park (Music by John Williams) and Mrs. Doubtfire (Music by Howard Shore). Director Adrian Lyne´s drama film Indecent Proposal (Music by John Barry) was something like the movie-scandal in 1993. The Fugitive (Music by James Newton Howard) became one of the biggest action hits of the early 90s. Dennis the Menace (Music by Jerry Goldsmith) is a charming treasure (not only) for Walter Matthau fans. And Cool Runnings (Music by Hans Zimmer and Nick Glennie-Smith) is the feel good movie of 1993. All these films have great original scores. But two scores were much more emotionally satisfying than the mentioned ones: Schindler´s List and Rudy.

For the American epic historical drama Schindler´s List, director Steven Spielberg collaborated  with legendary composer John Williams, who composed music for almost all Spielberg-movies including Jaws, Close Encounters of the Third Kind in the 70s and the Indiana Jones-trilogy in the 80s. Williams created an emotional, artistic masterpiece for Schindler´s List, which won an Academy Award for Best Original Score (it was his fifth win). 
His musical contribution to Spielberg´s visuals is one of his melodically most inspired scores. The musician worked together with Itzhak Perlman. The famous Israel-American violinist performed the important violin parts and the incomparable main theme of the score. The film, which based on the life of Oskar Schindler, won seven Oscar, including Best Picture and Best Director. Actor Liam Neeson was also nominated for an Academy Award for his performance as Oskar Schindler, and composer Williams absolutely deserved to win the Academy Award for his unique soundtrack since his music finds the right emotional tone for this challenging motion picture.

The early life and career of Rudy Ruettiger was the inspiration for the oustanding sports movie Rudy: The young Ruettiger, a physically unimposing man, aspires to be a football player for the team of the University of Notre Dame. Despite several obstacles, but with courage and power of endurance, Ruettiger´s dream comes true. Rudy is a sports movie, but the story of the film is not really about football or Notre Dame, it´s about life. Writer Angelo Pizzo and director David Anspaugh made an inspirational film about Rudy´s inspirational life as an athlete (in June 2006 the American Film Institut ranked David Anspaugh´s cinematic jewel the 54th-most inspiring film of all time). And legendary composer Jerry Goldsmith wrote an inspirational score for it. In fact, his soundtrack became one of the most inspirational scores of the 1990s, perhaps of film music history. The lyrical main theme is the centerpiece of the soundtrack. It is the heartbeat of the protagonist´s aspiration. It is the soul of the movie and reflects emotionally Rudy´s passion for football. 
The film´s training scene – which is called ´´Tryouts´´ – is one of the most fascinating moments of the movie as well as the soundtrack. The musical material of the scene combines a heroic fanfare with rhythmic elements and snippets of the great main theme. Rudy is a masterpiece, a true musical gem and one of the best scores of the 1990s. Emotional and inspirational! 
By Maximilian Peter.











"Designed in Norway"

 


As the  merchandise mark "Made in Germany" refers to production quality, beauty and design can be referred to the Scandinavian countries. Norway now even went as far as to announce a design competion to get their official passport to be redesigned. Oslo-based Neue Design Studio has won the competition and created a modern, sleek document, already winning praise from all sides. The design team worked withe the beautifully simplified depictions of Norway’s natural landscapes drawn with fine lines in pastel shades. “All Norwegians are so connected to nature, it’s a very strong part of our history and defines us as a country,” says Gørill Kvamme of Neue, who explains that the minimal concept came from seeking to find the “essence of something”. When shone under UV light, the landscapes within the pages transform to show the northern lights in the night sky, a magical touch that adds a deeper sense of intrigue to the already striking document. “It represents the vast variety of nature and landscapes you find in Norway … which makes it relevant to all of us whether you have always lived there or just received your citizenship.” The covers are coloured differently for standard, diplomatic and immigrant passports, which all feature gold writing in the bottom left corner and a simplified version of the country's crest above. The result of the competition was explained by the jury: “It both illustrates the Norwegian identity and makes sure the passport will be viewed as document of high value”. Now Neue will work closely with the National Police Directorate to find a way to balance the design with the complicated security expectations of a passport - something they are not currently able to discuss in detail. No date for the passport’s release has been set but it is expected to be within the next two years.

Passports aren’t the only national symbol the state has opened up to the country’s design teams. Last month - as a result of a similar competition - Norges Bank picked proposals from design studios Snøhetta and The Metric System for their new kroner notes. Pixelated and also featuring bold colours, the new notes are due to be released in 2017.

Along with the country’s new passports, they show how progressive design is tied in with the Norwegian way of life. As Kvamme says: “Design has a natural role in helping express what country or culture you are a part of.” Will there be soon the merchandise mark "Designed in Norway"?



BYOB FRANKFURT 2014






For the first time in 2014, a BYOB (Bring your own Beamer) took place in Frankfurt. Initiated in 2010 in Berlin by Dutch-Brazilian Artist Rafael Rozendaal,BYOB is a series of one-night-exhibitions hosting artists and their projectors. Over the last couple of years these events took on their own spirits and evolved into an international platform that can be set up by anyone, anywhere. 
On Novemebr 8th, Indechs took the initiative to turn the old premises of the former „PULSE“ club, one of Frankfurt´s most famous nightlife locations, into a symbiosis of light, sound and moving images. 11 artist were invited to find a spot in the old vaulted cellar, the staircase or what used to be the bar area of the club and show their work, breathing fresh life into the neglected walls.
Many thanks to Morris Gouda, Constantin Hartenstein, Bert Jacobs, Philip Jannssen Saul Judd, Saori Kuno, Sarah Maple, Florian Meisenberg, Simon Senn, Alexander Tillegreen  and Claudia de la Torre, who made it a very special evening!

Sunday Read - Push Start – The Art Of Video Games












On the 14th of December 1948 the U.S. Patent 2455992 was issued and can be marked as the beginning of video games. This earliest example is from 1947 - "Cathode ray tube Amusement Device" by Thomas T. Goldsmith Jr. and Estle Ray Mann. Inspired by radar display tech, it consisted of an analog device that allowed a user to control a vector-drawn dot on the screen to simulate a missile being fired at targets, which were drawings fixed to the screen. The evolution took off and went via the famous OXA a tic-tac-toe Computer game in 1952, Tennis for Two in 1958 or already Spacewar! written by MIT students in 1961, all experiments at Universities, to games such as Pac Man, Space Invaders, Tetris or Super Mario Bros. which triggered a public video game mania in the 80`s & 90`s to the most common leisure activity of the 21st. century. On average every household has at least one video gaming device in the western world and North America will top that for sure. In Germany about 40% of the population are playing video games on a regular basis.  Ear Books has been inspired by these facts, the relevance of video games and of course every ones personal relationship to them and recently published a stunning encyclopedia like book "Push Start - The Art of Video Games" documenting the graphical evolution of video games. The title can be read in various ways and definitely one is the focus on the word art, which becomes very relevant when browsing thought the 220 Screenshots, Artwork prints and video game sequences printed inside. For all the real nostalgic ones; this Sunday Read comes with a 10-inch Vinyl (and a MP3 download Code for all the modern ones) with all inherent iconic video gaming sounds. So lean back, hear the tunes and travel in time.



Specifications:

Push Start – The Art Of Video Games

Prof. Dr. Stephan Günzel, Jos Bendinelli Negrone, Big Twice, Wolfgang Seidl

contains 200 images, texts, historical and artistic references and 10Inch Vinyl with iconic video gaming sounds
Publisher: earBOOKS
Language: English/German
Format: 28 x 28 cm
Hardcover: 380 pages
ISBN-10: 3943573095

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